Micro Detecting I&I
After a Single Rain Event

Locating I&I is a time-consuming and costly endeavor. Since 80% of I&I resides in only 20% of the collection system, the key to success is to micro-detect the areas contributing the 80% as quickly as possible. Low-cost iTracking® technology is able to pinpoint areas of I&I after just a single rain event without the requirement for confined-space entry, sensor maintenance or time-consuming data retrieval.

Working with Hazen & Sawyer’s Engineering Team, iTracking’s I&I Micro Detection ability was recently proven in a Pilot Project initiated by Jefferson County, Alabama (Feb., 2018).

The area selected for the Pilot by Jefferson County and the Hazen & Sawyer Engineering Team as being one of the basins responsible for contributing the greatest amounts of I&I was designated as “Turkey Creek TK2B”. It was decided to initially place (14) iTracker® sensors within the 22 linear miles comprising the TK2B basin. The project was scheduled for completion in three phases during what was to be a 6-month Pilot Project. What ultimately resulted was that with only (14) iTracker sensors, the Pilot was completed in 3-1/2 months with actual man-hours expended on all three phases (including developing analytical reports) totaling just 48 hours.

PHASE I: On February 7th and 8th of 2018, fourteen iTracker sensors weighing just under 2 lbs., without the requirement for confined-space entry, were installed at strategic locations along the 22-mile TK2B basin. On average, it took 20-30 minutes to locate each manhole and 15 minutes to install each sensor. The entire installation process was completed in less than 10 hours.

PHASE II: On March 16 after a few rain events, data was simply and safely collected from each monitored site via smartphone Wi-Fi connectivity. Data from the 14 sites was imported into the iTracking® analytical software program in order to determine those basins responsible for contributing the greatest amounts of I&I. With the click of a button, a bar graph (see Graph 1) was automatically developed detailing RDII, Groundwater, Base and Total I&I contributions in gpm for each monitored site. It was quickly determined that Mini-Basin 7004-002 was responsible for the highest volumes of Rain-Derived I&I (RDII).

Below is a summary of the results of Phases I and II detailing the calculated RDII volume for each mini and micro basin over the study period.

SITE 7004-002
SITE 7004-101B
SITE 7004-004
SITE 7004-059D
SITE 7004-034
SITE 7004-007
SITE 7004-102
SITE 7004-258
SITE 7004-006B
SITE 7004-092
SITE 7004-057A
SITE 7004-085
SITE 7004-060
RDII 1,802,958.00 Gal. (27.41% of Total)
RDII 1,081,097.00 Gal.
RDII 712,714.10 Gal.
RDII 709,952.10 Gal.
RDII 693,073.70 Gal.
RDII 459,706.70 Gal.
RDII 333,006.80 Gal.
RDII 208,402.90 Gal.
RDII 206,988.80 Gal.
RDII 160,326.70 Gal.
RDII 135,448.00 Gal.
RDII 111,967.00 Gal.
RDII 81, 513.11 Gal.

In order to prove the I&I Micro Detection capability of iTracking’s technology, Site 7004-002 exhibiting the greatest volume of RDII was scheduled to be divided into 11 micro-segments for the next evaluation period (Phase III).

PHASE III: In order to further isolate the source of I&I entering the system, (11) iTracker sensors were strategically located upstream of Site 7004-002. It was quickly concluded that an area directly upstream of 7004-002 consisting of only 4 manholes alongside a creek was responsible for contributing the majority of RDII (see Graph 2). iTracker sensors were placed in each of the (4) manholes making up the 870 feet of micro-basin 7004-002. Evidence of major infiltration was discovered along the 7004-002 15” ID micro-basin with the majority entering between two adjacent manholes (002 and 003). Cameras were immediately dispatched and it was quickly determined that the large volumes of I&I were due to faulty laterals entering the 7004-002 micro-basin between manholes 002 and 003.

With just 48 hours of actual field and analytical reporting time expended and the ability to obtain concrete results after single storm events, Jefferson County, in conjunction with Hazen & Sawyer, were able to quickly and cost-efficiently evaluate 22 miles of collection system piping all the way down to (14) mini and micro-basins in just a 3-1/2 month period.

RESULTS: Upon confirmation by CCTV camera of the findings from the iTracking® Pilot Project, Jefferson County plans on remediating one of the areas exhibiting major volumes of I&I by lining both the main line and service laterals to the property line. In a second area where the the main line had previously been lined, the County has now additionally lined the services to the property line.







iTracker installation is accomplished in 15 minutes




Graph 1




Graph 2